GemOffenerBrief

Foin daudauk Tribunal Supremu Indonezia nian husik tiha eis-lider milisia Eurico Guterres

Gemeinsamer Brief an den UN-Generalsekretär Ban Ki-Moon in Tetum

Militia Leader Eurico Guterres 1999

Lider Milisia Eurico Guterres 1999 Foto: Jörg Meier

1st June 2008

Exmo Senhor Ban Ki-Moon Sekretariu Jeral Nasoins Unidas 1 United Nations Plaza New York, New York 10017-3515 Exelésia, Foin daudauk Tribunal Supremu Indonezia nian husik tiha eis-lider milisia Eurico Guterres. Hahalok ne’e lori Indonezia nia prosesu judisial ne’ebe bosok mak barak ba iha fin. Justisa loloos ba povu Timor-Leste ne’ebe sofre kleur tebetebes tenke mai ona. Amu husu ba Ita-boot atu defende nafatin lei ho hametin tranzisaun demokratika iha rai rua ne’e. Tempu to’o ona ba Nasoins Unidas ho komunidade internasional atu kaer sira nia kometimentu dezde uluk kedan atu haree katak justisa tenke halo duni ba krime hasoru umanidade ne’ebe ema halo iha Timor-Leste. Hanesan Ita-boot hatene, Eurico Guterres hetan julgamentu hosi Tribunal Ad Hoc kona-ba akuzasaun ba oho-ema no persekusaun, hanesan krime hasoru umanidade ho akuzadu na’in 17 seluk. Sira ne’e hotu ohin livre. Indonezia harii tribunal ne’e hodi dezvia tiha ajijensia atu harii tribunal internasional. Komisaun Peritu UN nian (UN’s Commision of Experts, COE) hala’o ona analize ida maka’as ba Tribunal Ad Hoc ne’e, no sira deskreve tribunal ne’e hanesan ‘inadekuada momoos hela’. COE identifika sala barak iha laran hanesan laiha kometimentu hosi parte prokuradoria nian, investigasaun ne’ebe la’o la loos, aprezentasaun ba evidensia ne’ebe la adekuadu, ambiente tribunal laran nian ne’ebe la inspira konfiansa iha publiku, veriditu ne’ebe laiha konsistensia, no mos laiha vontade atu uza jurisprudensia ida di’ak. COE hola konkluzaun katak Tribunal Ad Hoc ne’e ‘la efetivu atu lori justisa’, no hatudu ‘laiha respeitu ba, ka laiha konformidade ho, standar internasional ne’ebe relevante’. Ate juiz ida iha Tribunal Ad Hoc ne’e mos dehan katak tribunal ne’e ‘la halo kontribuisaun ida signifikante atu hametin prosesu lei nian iha Indonezia’. Iha kontestu ida ne’e, desizaun ba Guterres atu hatudu de’it prosesu ne’ebe la’o la loos. ‘Prinsipiu Akordu atualizadu ba protesaun no promosaun direitus umanus nian liu hosi asaun to kombate impunidae’ [E/CN.4/2005/102/Add.1], hatete: ‘Faktu katak individuu ida uluk hetan ona julgamentu iha ligasaun ho krime grave tuir lei internasional labele prevene ninia prosekusaun ho respeitu ba kondutu hanesan karik objetivu ba prosedimentu ida uluk ne’e maka atu proteje ema ne’e hosi responsabilidade kriminal, ka karik prosedimentu sira ne’e la hala’o ho independente ka imparsial tuir norma prosedimentu nian ne’ebe rekonesidu iha lei internasional no mos hala’o iha maneira, iha sirkunstansia sira ne’e, la konsistente ho intensaun ida atu lori ema ne’e ba justisa.’ Ami submete katak esepsaun rua ne’e aplika ba Tribunal Ad Hoc, katak ema sira ne’ebe ezoneradu sei bele hasoru filafali tribun’ ida ho kredibilidade liu. Ami husu ba Ita-boot atu buka estabelese prosesu legal ida ho substansia atu julga ema sira ne’ebe responsavel ba krime kontra umanidade, krime funu nian ho krime grave sira seluk ne’ebe forsa Indonezia nian komete durante okupasaun Timor-Leste.

Total Destruction Dili 1999

Dili 1999 Foto: Jörg Meier

Relatoriu bilateral inkorretu ne’ebe atu mai daudauk, Komisaun ba Verdade ho Amizade (CVA) labele hamriik hanesan liafuan ikus ba kestaun sira ne’e. Ami louva desizaun hosi Ita-boot nia predesesor — ne’ebe Ita-boot reitera — atu la konfere lejitimidade ba CVA. Direitu atu hatene, direitu ba lia-loos, ho direitu ba justisa mesak inalienavel de’it, no hanesan fortaaleza hasoru kultura impunidade prezentadu hosi Tribunal Ad Hoc ho CVA. CAVR, CVA ho Komisaun Peritu UN nian hotu-hotu rekomenda kriasaun ba ‘tribunal kriminal internasional ad hoc ida ba Timor-Leste’ karik Indonesia, iha tempu limitadu ida, kontinua atu prosesa loloos ninia ofisial senior sira ne’ebe responsavel ba destruisaun iha 1999. Ezonerasaun Guterres nian konfirma katak governu Indonesia nian la konsege tau justisa. Nune’e ami bolu Ita-boot atu servisu ba estabelesimentu tribunal kriminal internasional ad hoc ba ema sira ne’ebe kaer responsabilidade boot liu ba krime funu nian ho krime hasoru umanidade komete hosi tinan 1975 mai oin, la’os deit 1999. Karik ida ne’e la posivel, ami husu ba Ita atu rekonstitui kompletamente prosesu Krime Grave, atu fo rekursu ho apoiu ne’ebe sufisiente. Ida ne’e tenke halo tuir rekomendasaun 7.1.1 ho 7.1.2 hosi Relatoriu CAVR — nomeadamente, katak UN maka tenke fornese rekursu ho tekniku lei nian, la’os sistema justisa judisial Timor-Leste nian. Indonesia, ne’ebe oras ne’e sei membru Konsellu Seguransa ho Konsellu Direitus Umanus UN nian, tenke estradita ema sira ne’ebe hetak akuzasaun hosi prosesu Krime Grave ba julgamentu.

Burned Huts Aileu 1999

Aileu 1999 Foto: Jörg Meier

Ema barak maka apoia justisa ba krime sira ne’ebe komete iha tempu uluk iha Timor-Leste, liuliu Igreja, sosiedade sivil ho asosiasaun vitima nian. Grupu sosiedade sivil Indonesia nian mos empatiku iha sira nia apoiu ba ajenda justisa nian, haree duni katak justisa mos importante ba sira nia tranzisaun demokratika iha sira nia rain. Ami fo-hanoin filafali ba Ita kona-ba Konsellu Seguransa nia komentu sira uluk ne’e, fo-sai iha tinan hitu liuba iha Rezolusaun 1264 ho 1272, atu lori ema sira ne’ebe responsavel ba justisa. Timor-Leste hasoru difikuldade boot ida atu lidera iha kestaun kustisa nian bainhira nia hetan opozisaun hosi ninia vizinu ne’ebe kbiit-uain. Komunidade internasional, hanesan reprezentadu hosi Nasoins Unidas, tenke involve iha rezolusaun ba krime sira ne’ebe viola lei kriminal internasional, tratadu UN nian ho rezolusaun Konsellu Seguransa. Ho respeitu tomak, Pedro Pinto Leite, Secretary International Platform of Jurists for East Timor Shulamith Koenig, Founding President Recipient of the 2003 UN Human Rights Award People’s Movement for Human Rights Learning (PDHRE) Paul van Zyl, Executive Vice President International Center for Transitional Justice Brad Adams, Executive Director Asia Division, Human Rights Watch Charles Scheiner International Secretariat International Federation for East Timor Robert O. Varenik, Acting Executive Director Open Society Justice Initiative. International League for Human Rights Matt Easton Director, Human Rights Defenders Program Human Rights First Land is Life David McReynolds, former Chair War Resisters International Xisto do Santos, Board Member Timor-Leste National Alliance for an International Tribunal (ANTI) Yasinta Lujina, Justice coordinator Timor-Leste Institute for Development Monitoring and Analysis (La’o Hamutuk) Timotio de Deus, Executive Director Judicial System Monitoring Program (JSMP) Dili, Timor-Leste Jose Luis de Oliveira, Director Edio Saldanha Borges, Manager Upholding Justice Division, Association HAK Dili, Timor-Leste Mericio Akara, Program Coordinator Luta Hamutuk, Timor-Leste Joao Pequinho, Executive Coordinator FORUM TAU MATAN, Timor-Leste Titi Irawati Fortilos (Forum Solidarity For East Timor) Suraiya IT International Forum for Aceh Nel Pattinama, Supervisor Moluccan Human Rights Organization “Maluku Masa Depan” Gustaf Dupe Chairman, Association of Prison Ministries Chairman, Law Enforcement Watch Head, International Communication Department of the LPR KROB (Institute of Struggle for the Rahabilitation of Victims of the New Order Regime) Jakarta, Indonesia Friends Of The Third World Sri Lanka Ruki Fernando Coordinator, Human Rights in Conflict program, Law & Society Trust (LST) Sri Lanka Kyo Kageura Japan East Timor Coalition Maire Leadbeater, Spokesperson Indonesia Human Rights Committee Auckland, New Zealand Edwina Hughes, Coordinator Peace Movement Aotearoa Dr. Clinton Fernandes Australian Coalition for Transitional Justice in East Timor Ms Jude Conway Asia Pacific Support Collective (APSC) Rob Wesley-Smith, spokesperson Australians for a Free East Timor, Darwin Brian T. Manning Campaign for an Independent East Timor, Darwin Dr Vacy Vlazna, Former Coordinator East Timor Justice Lobby Acheh Human Rights Online Dave Arkins, Secretary Australia West Papua Association South Australia Celine Massa, Campaign Organiser SEARCH Foundation, Australia Australia-East Timor Friendship Association (SA) Inc. Australia-East Timor Association (Victoria) Mary Waterford Wendy Whitton Blue Mountains East Timor Sisters Australia Joe Collins, Secretary Andrew Johnson Australia West Papua Association (Sydney) United Nations Association of Australia (South Australian Division) Adelaide, Australia Amanda and Michael Freund Australia West Papua Association – Newcastle Jess Agustin Development and Peace, Canada Glenn Raynor, Executive Director Pacific Peoples’ Partnership Victoria, BC, Canada Larry Colero, Moderator WestPAN: Canada’s West Papua Action Network Seh Ching Wen, President Canadians Committed to Ethnic Voice in Indonesia (CCEVI) Green Lotus International Toronto, ON, Canada Gabriel Jonsson, Chairman Swedish East Timor Committee Carmel Budiardjo. Co-director TAPOL, Promoting Human Rights Peace and Justice in Indonesia Dr. Steve Kibble, Advocacy Coordinator Africa, Middle East, Asia Progressio Bruno Kahn and Antonio Dias Agir pour Timor, Paris Carlos Semedo France-Timor Leste Jose Ignacio Alguero Cuervo, Secretario General Sindicato Comisiones Obreras en La Gomera, Canary Islands, Spain Prof. Dr. Jaume Saura, President Human Rights Institute of Catalonia Barcelona, Spain Frank Willems Stichting Zelfbeschikking West-Sahara The Hague, Netherlands Marie Frison Association solidarité enfants sahraouis France Dr Teresa Cunha, President Action for Justice and Peace – World March of Women Portugal Ronny Hansen, Chairman Norwegian Support Committee for Western Sahara Oslo, Norway Sara Eyckmans, Solidariteitsgroep Westelijke Sahara, Belgium Monika Schlicher, Watch Indonesia!, Working Group for Democracy, Human Rights and Environmental protection in Indonesia and East Timor, Germany Noam Chomsky M.I.T. Shirley Shackleton Activist for Timor Leste since 1975 Frank Ruddy U.S. Ambassador (ret.) Washington, DC Roger S. Clark, Board of Governors Professor, Rutgers University School of Law Camden, New Jersey Marco Perduca, Senator Radicals-Democratic Party, Italy Dr. Karin Arts Associate Professor in International Law and Development Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, The Netherlands Geoffrey C. Gunn, Professor of International Relations, Faculty of Economics, Nagasaki University, JAPAN Prof G Peter King Senior Associate Member, St Antony’s College Oxford, UK Sylvia Lawson Adjunct Professor, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences University of Technology, Sydney, Australia Dr. Brad Simpson, PhD Assistant Professor of History Princeton University Director, Indonesia and East Timor Documentation Project Eduardo Trillo de Martin-Pinillos Professor of International Law Uned University Madrid, Spain John M. Miller, National Coordinator East Timor and Indonesia Action Network (ETAN) Ed McWilliams West Papua Advocacy Team (Rev.) James Kofski, M.M. Asia/Pacific and Middle East Issues Maryknoll Office for Global Concerns Mark Harrison United Methodist Church, General Board of Church and Society Rev. Dr. Dennis M. Davidson President, Unitarian Universalist Peace Fellowship The Borneo Project Berkeley, CA Marie Lucey, OSF LCWR Associate Director for Social Mission Leadership Conference of Women Religious Rev. John Chamberlin, National Coordinator East Timor Religious Outreach Green Delaware Peace Action (United States) Peace Action Wisconsin Vicky Steinitz, Co-coordinator Cambridge (MA) United for Justice with Peace Sister Eileen Brady Maryknoll Sisters Joao Crisostomo, President Luso American Movement for East Timorese Auto Determination (LAMETA) Peter Bohmer, Olympia (WA) Movement for Justice and Peace Faculty, Economics, The Evergreen State College Daniel Muller, Executive Director Peace Action Maine Georgy Katsiaficas President, Peace Island Foundation, USA Carol Jahnkow, Executive Director Peace Resource Center of San Diego Liz Ryder West Papua Action Network Sebastian Dettman Committee to Protect Journalists Elaine Donovan co-founder Concerned Citizens for Peace Hemlock, NY Carolyn Scarr, Program Coordinator Ecumenical Peace Institute/CALC Bill Ramsey, Coordinator Human Rights Action Service St. Louis, MO Sharon Silber and Eileen Weiss, co-founders Jews Against Genocide Rosemarie Pace, Director Pax Christi Metro New York Jeff Ballinger, Director Press for Change Diana Bohn Nicaragua Center for Community Action Berkeley, CA John Witeck Philippine Workers Support Committee Dr. Wm. Joseph Farnon East Timor and Indonesia Action Network/Philadelphia G. Simon Harak, S. J., Director Marquette University Center for Peacemaking Milwaukee WI William R. Seaman, Coordinator East Timor Action Network / Portland Mariza Cabral Seattle International Human Rights Coalition Vivek Ananthan VIS-CCA, Philadelphia, Pa Windyn Hines ETAN and YWCA Middle Rio Grande Albuquerque, New Mexico Jim Haber, Coordinator War Resisters League-West San Francisco, CA Carlos Wilson, Executive Director U.S.-Western Sahara Foundation San Diego, CA Polly Mann Women Against Military Madness Minneapolis, MN Emmanuel Martinoli, physician, ARSO, Association de soutien a un referendum libre et regulier au Sahara Occidental Switzerland Aleksandr Zerebko Lawyer Klaipeda, Lithuania Iain Scobbie Sir Joseph Hotung Research Professor in Law, Human Rights and Peace Building in the Middle East School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London Stephanie Koury Senior Research Fellow and lawyer School of Oriental and African Studies, London Jose Manuel Pureza Member, International Council of IPJET Professor, International Law and International Relations, University of Coimbra, Portugal Maria Ines David Research Assistant Centre for the Studies of Migration and Ethnic Minorities Lisbon Thomas Skouteris Lecturer and Academic Program Coordinator Master’s in Advanced Studies in Public International Law Grotius Center, Faculty of Law, Leiden University The Hague Dr David Webster Department of History and Asian Institute University of Toronto Jørgen Johansen Transcend Peace University European Peace University Centre for Peace and Reconciliation Studies, Coventry University Lorna Bowles Sydney Australia Jean-Yves Hamel Human Development Report Office/UNDP New York, NY Wout Albers Netherlands Khatab representing myself as an Acehnese living in US Kaye Paton Blue Mountains City Council Community Access Bus Bookings Officer and concerned citizen, Australia Mr Dimitrios Tsironis Melbourne, Australia Artien Utrecht Delft, the Netherlands Suzana Braz Student, IPJET, Portugal Jean Inglis Hiroshima Julie Byrnes Enslow Milwaukee, WI Sue Severin San Anselmo, CA Mrs Jane Wilson Adelaide, Australia Glenn Humphreys, Member Community & Public Sector Union NSW Australia Esther Anderson Boroondara, Australia Kate Gillespie-Jones Canterbury, Victoria Australia Monica O’Wheel Australia

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